– Home Computer Network IP Address Explained

Last Updated on is an IP address in the private IP address range. It is generally used in home wireless networks where the router automatically assigns IP addresses to the connected networking devices.

All the devices in your home network which support DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol) will receive an IP automatically from the router once they connect to the home network. So, if the router in your home network uses the IP, which is the case with Linksys, Asus, Netgear, TP-Link and some other routers, this IP address – – will normally appear on one of the devices in the local network.

Although this IP address is often assigned automatically, if needed, the home network admin can assign it manually. So, let us explain how to do this.

How to manually assign IP

We can manually assign a desired private IP address to most devices used today in home networking, such as a computer or laptop, tablet, and smartphone in case we need a specified device to use this IP every time.

Before you start

The first thing to do is to take a note of the following details:

  • Subnet Mask
  • Default Gateway
  • DNS server

To do this launch the Command prompt and type ipconfig /all. You will see all the required details there.

ipconfig results in Command Prompt

How to assign static IP in Windows

Right-click the Network icon in the bottom-right of your desktop and click on Network and Sharing center.

right click network icon

Next, in the menu on your left click on Change adapter settings.

change adapter settings


In the new window, right-click the Local Area Connection and in select Properties.

select Properties


Scroll down and select Internet Protocol Version 4 (TCP/IPv4) and then Properties.

Internet Protocol Version 4


Normally Obtain an IP address automatically is selected.

obtain IP address automatically


Check the Use the following IP address. And now is perfect time to use the details you have written before and fill in the blanks.

  • IP address – (you can also change the last number – 3, with any number from 2 to 255)

The following details should be taken from your ipconfig results as you have written them down before.

  • Subnet Mask
  • Default Gateway
  • DNS server

Click OK and close everything.

Possible problems with manual IP assigning

Problem #1 – Which IP to choose?

If you really need to choose as a static IP for your device, go ahead. However, in order to stay on the safe side it is recommended to choose an IP which is outside the range of other devices. To be more precise, if your router uses, and you have four other devices connected to it, it can be expected that they have the following IP addresses assigned automatically.

  • etc.

So, just to be safe you can assign for example.

Problem #2 – IP address conflict

One of the most common problems that may occur when you manually assign a static IP to a device is the so called “IP address conflict”.

Basically, your router uses as a Default Gateway. Every other device which connects to your network will automatically obtain an IP address, in most cases, then and so on.

Your router doesn’t know whether you have assigned a static IP to some of your devices and may issue the IP to any device which connects next. This may result in having two devices with the same IP, one obtained automatically and the other assigned manually, which will cause an IP address conflict.

The worst thing that can happen is connectivity problems in both devices until the problem is resolved. Normally, it is enough to disconnect the device which gets an IP automatically, and reconnect it later. To see how long you have to wait, check the DHCP lease time in the ipconfig results and see when it will expire.

Problem #3 – No internet connection

Another problem that may occur is that you can’t connect to the internet. A quick fix for this is to call your ISP and ask them which DNS servers they use.

Final words

As you can see is not that difficult to set to be a static IP for any device.

The screenshots above were taken on Windows 8.1, but the process is almost the same in Windows 10, so don’t be afraid to try his if needed. Just make notes of everything you do in case you have to set back everything as it was before.